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STATEMENT 7

Growth of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001
Language Persons who returned the langauge as their mother tongue Decadal percentage increase
1971 1981 1991 2001 1971-81 1981-91 1991-2001
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Assamese 8,959,558 ** 13,079,696 13,168,484 ** ** 0.68
Bengali 44,792,312 51,298,319 69,595,738 83,369,769 14.52 35.67 19.79
Bodo 556,576 ** 1,221,881 1,350,478 ** ** 10.52
Dogri 1,299,143 1,530,616 # 2,282,589 17.82 # #
Gujarati 25,865,012 33,063,267 40,673,814 46,091,617 27.83 23.02 13.32
Hindi* 202,767,971 257,749,009 329,518,087 422,048,642 27.12 27.84 28.08
Kannada 21,710,649 25,697,146 32,753,676 37,924,011 18.36 27.46 15.79
Kashmiri 2,495,487 3,176,975 # 5,527,698 27.31 ** **
Konkani 1,508,432 1,570,108 1,760,607 2,489,015 4.09 12.13 41.37
Maithili 6,130,026 7,522,265 7,766,921 12,179,122 22.71 3.25 56.81
Malayalam 21,938,760 25,700,705 30,377,176 33,066,392 17.15 18.20 8.85
Manipuri $ 791,714 901,407 1,270,216 1,466,705 13.86 40.91 15.47
Marathi 41,765,190 49,452,922 62,481,681 71,936,894 18.41 26.35 15.13
Nepali 1,419,835 1,360,636 2,076,645 2,871,749 -4.17 52.62 38.29
Oriya 19,863,198 23,021,528 28,061,313 33,017,446 15.90 21.89 17.66
Punjabi 14,108,443 19,611,199 23,378,744 29,102,477 39.00 19.21 24.48
Sanskrit 2,212 6,106 49,736 14,135 176.04 714.54 -71.58
Santali 3,786,899 4,332,511 5,216,325 6,469,600 14.41 20.40 24.03
Sindhi 1,676,875 2,044,389 2,122,848 2,535,485 21.92 3.84 19.44
Tamil 37,690,106 ** 53,006,368 60,793,814 ** ** 14.69
Telugu 44,756,923 50,624,611 66,017,615 74,002,856 13.11 30.41 12.10
Urdu 28,620,895 34,941,435 43,406,932 51,536,111 22.08 24.23 18.73


Note: 
* For Hindi the published figures in 1971, 1981 and 1991 differ due to exclusion of Maithili figure from Hindi. Maithili is included in Scheduled Languages in 2001 following the 100th Amendment of the Constitution of India. 

** Full figures for Tamil, Assamese and Bodo for 1981 are not available as the census records for Tamil Nadu were lost due to floods and the 1981 census was not conducted in Assam due to the disturbed conditions then prevailing there. Therefore, the decadal percentage increase of Tamil and Assamese and Bodo are not given. 

# Full figures for Kashmiri and Dogri for 1991 are not available as the 1991 census was not conducted in Jammu & Kashmir due to disturbed conditions. Therefore, the decadal percentage increase of Kashmiri is not given. 
$- Excludes figures of Paomata, Mao-Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur for 2001.