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STATEMENT 5

Comparative speaker's strength of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001
Language Persons who returned the language as their mother tongue Percentage to total population
1971 1981 1991 2001 1971 1981 1 1991 3 2001 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
                 
INDIA 548,159,652 665,287,849 838,583,988 1,028,610,328 97.14 89.23 97.05 96.56
                 
1  Hindi 202,767,971 257,749,009 329,518,087 422,048,642 36.99 38.74 39.29 41.03
2  Bengali 44,792,312 51,298,319 69,595,738 83,369,769 8.17 7.71 8.30 8.11
3  Telugu 44,756,923 50,624,611 66,017,615 74,002,856 8.16 7.61 7.87 7.19
4  Marathi 41,765,190 49,452,922 62,481,681 71,936,894 7.62 7.43 7.45 6.99
5  Tamil 2 37,690,106 ** 53,006,368 60,793,814 6.88 ** 6.32 5.91
6  Urdu 28,620,895 34,941,435 43,406,932 51,536,111 5.22 5.25 5.18 5.01
7  Gujarati 25,865,012 33,063,267 40,673,814 46,091,617 4.72 4.97 4.85 4.48
8  Kannada 21,710,649 25,697,146 32,753,676 37,924,011 3.96 3.86 3.91 3.69
9  Malayalam 21,938,760 25,700,705 30,377,176 33,066,392 4.00 3.86 3.62 3.21
10 Oriya 19,863,198 23,021,528 28,061,313 33,017,446 3.62 3.46 3.35 3.21
11 Punjabi 14,108,443 19,611,199 23,378,744 29,102,477 2.57 2.95 2.79 2.83
12 Assamese 2 8,959,558 ** 13,079,696 13,168,484 1.63 ** 1.56 1.28
13 Maithili @ 6,130,026 7,522,265 7,766,921 12,179,122 1.12 1.13 0.93 1.18
14 Santali 3,786,899 4,332,511 5,216,325 6,469,600 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.63
15 Kashmiri 2,495,487 3,176,975 # 5,527,698 0.46 0.48 # 0.54
16 Nepali 1,419,835 1,360,636 2,076,645 2,871,749 0.26 0.20 0.25 0.28
17 Sindhi 1,676,875 2,044,389 2,122,848 2,535,485 0.31 0.31 0.25 0.25
18 Konkani 1,508,432 1,570,108 1,760,607 2,489,015 0.28 0.24 0.21 0.24
19 Dogri 1,299,143 1,530,616 # 2,282,589 0.24 0.23 # 0.22
20 Manipuri $ 791,714 901,407 1,270,216 1,466,705 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.14
21 Bodo 2 556,576 ** 1,221,881 1,350,478 0.10 ** 0.15 0.13
22 Sanskrit 2,212 6,106 49,736 14,135 N N 0.01 N

Note: 
1.    The percentage of speakers of each language for 1981 has been worked out on the total population of India
       excluding the population of Assam where the 1981 Census was not conducted due to disturbed conditions. 

2.    The percentage of speakers of each Language for 1991 has been worked out on the total population of India
       excluding the population of Jammu & Kashmir where the 1991 Census was not conducted due to disturbed
       conditions. 

3.   The percentage of speakers of each language for '2001' has been worked out on the total population of India
      excluding the population of Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of Senapati district of Manipur due to
      cancellation of census results over there. 

4.    Full figures for Tamil, Assamese and Bodo for 1981 are not available as the census records for Tamil Nadu were
       lost due to floods and the 1981 Census could not be conducted in Assam due to the disturbed conditions then
       prevailing there. Therefore, percentage to total population of Tamil and Assamese are not given. 

#    Full figures for Kashmiri & Dogri language for 1991 are not available as the 1991 Census was not conducted in
      Jammu & Kashmir due to disturbed conditions. 

$     Excludes figures of Paomata, Mao-Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur for 2001.  
       N' - Stands for Negligible. 
@    Maithili figure has been extracted from Hindi language from 1971 census to 1991 census since it was one of
       the mother tongues grouped under Hindi during the period.