You are here : Home / Census 2001 / Abstract of speakers’ strength of languages and mother tongues –2001

STATEMENT 1

Abstract of speakers’ strength of languages and mother tongues –2001

Presented below is an alphabetical abstract of languages and the mother tongues with speakers' strength of 10,000 and above at the all India level, grouped under each language. There are a total of 122 languages and 234 mother
 tongues. The 22 languages

Name of language and mother tongue(s) grouped under each language> Number of persons who returned the language (and the mother tongues grouped under each) as their mother tongue Name of language and mother tongue(s) grouped under each language Number of persons who returned the language (and the mother tongues grouped under each) as their mother tongue
1 2 1 2
1 ASSAMESE

13,168,484

  13  Dhundhari  1,871,130
    1 Assamese 12,778,735   14  Garhwali 2,267,314
        Others  389,749   15  Gojri 762,332
      16  Harauti 2,462,867
2 BENGALI 83,369,769   17  Haryanvi 7,997,192
    1  Bengali 82,462,437   18  Hindi 257,919,635
    2  Chakma 176,458   19  Jaunsari 114,733
    3  Haijong/Hajong 63,188   20  Kangri 1,122,843
    4  Rajbangsi 82,570   21  Khairari 11,937
        Others  585,116   22 Khari Boli 47,730
      23  Khortha/ Khotta 4,725,927
3 BODO 1,350,478   24  Kulvi 170,770
    1 Bodo/Boro 1,330,775   25  Kumauni 2,003,783
        Others  19,703   26 Kurmali Thar 425,920
      27 Labani 22,162
4 DOGRI 2,282,589   28 Lamani/ Lambadi 2,707,562
    1 Dogri 2,282,547   29 Laria 67,697
        Others  42   30 Lodhi 139,321
      31 Magadhi/ Magahi 13,978,565
5 GUJARATI 46,091,617   32 Malvi 5,565,167
    1 Gujarati 45,715,654   33 Mandeali 611,930
    2 Gujrao/Gujrau 43,414   34 Marwari 7,936,183
    3 Saurashtra/Saurashtri 185,420   35 Mewari 5,091,697
    4 Others  147,129   36 Mewati 645,291
      37 Nagpuria 1,242,586
6 HINDI 422,048,642   38 Nimadi 2,148,146
  1 Awadhi 2,529,308   39 Pahari 2,832,825
  2 Bagheli/Baghel Khandi 2,865,011   40 Panch Pargania 193,769
  3 Bagri Rajasthani 1,434,123   41 Pangwali 16,285
  4 Banjari 1,259,821   42 Pawari/ Powari 425,745
  5 Bhadrawahi 66,918   43 Rajasthani 18,355,613
  6 Bharmauri/ Gaddi 66,246   44 Sadan/ Sadri 2,044,776
  7 Bhojpuri 33,099,497   45 Sirmauri 31,144
  8 Brajbhasha 574,245   46 Sondwari 59,221
  9 Bundeli/ Bundelkhandi 3,072,147   47 Sugali 160,736
 10 Chambeali 126,589   48 Surgujia 1,458,533
 11 Chhattisgarhi 13,260,186   49 Surjapuri 1,217,019
 12 Churahi 61,199        Others  14,777,266
       
7 KANNADA 37,924,011   2 Oriya 32,110,482
  1 Badaga 134,514   3 Proja 92,774
  2 Kannada 37,742,232   4 Relli 21,965
  3 Kuruba/ Kurumba 14,613   5 Sambalpuri 518,803
    Others  32,652     Others  56,482
       
8 KASHMIRI 5,527,698 16 PUNJABI

29,102,477

  1 Kashmiri 5,362,349   1 Bagri 646,921
  2 Kishtwari 33,429   2 Bilaspuri/ Kahluri 179,511
  3 Siraji 87,179   3 Punjabi 28,152,794
    Others  44,741     Others  123,251
       
9 KONKANI 2,489,015 17 SANSKRIT 14,135
  1 Konkani 2,420,140   1 Sanskrit 14,099
  2 Kudubi/ Kudumbi 10,192     Others  36
  3 Malwani 46,851    
    Others  11,832 18 SANTALI 6,469,600
      1 Karmali 368,853
10 MAITHILI 12,179,122   2 Santali 5,943,679
   1 Maithili 12,178,673     Others  157,068
     Others  449    
    19 SINDHI 2,535,485
11 MALAYALAM 33,066,392   1 Kachchhi 823,058
   1 Malayalam 33,015,420   2 Sindhi 1,694,061
   2 Yerava 19,643     Others  18,366
     Others  31,329    
    20 TAMIL 60,793,814
12 MANIPURI1 1,466,705   1 Kaikadi 23,694
  1 Manipuri 1,466,497   2 Tamil 60,655,813
    Others  208   3 Yerukala/ Yerukula 69,533
        Others  44,774
13 MARATHI 71,936,894    
  1 Marathi 71,701,478 21 TELUGU 74,002,856
    Others  235,416   1 Telugu 73,817,148
      2 Vadari 171,725
14 NEPALI2 2,871,749     Others  13,983
  1 Nepali 2,867,922    
    Others  3,827 22 URDU 51,536,111
      1 Urdu 51,533,954
15 ORIYA 33,017,446     Others  2,157
  1 Bhatri 216,940    

1. Excludes figures of Paomata, Mao-Maram and Purul sub divisions of Senapati district of    Manipur For 2001   
   Census 
   Manipuri includes Meithei.
2. Nepali includes Gorkhali.

PART B - Languages not specified in the Eighth Schedule (Non-Scheduled Languages)

Name of language and mother tongue(s) grouped under each language

Number of persons who returned the language (and the mother tongues grouped under each) as their mother tongue

Name of language and mother tongue(s) grouped under each language

Number of persons who returned the language (and the mother tongues grouped under each) as their mother tongue

1

2

1

2

 

 

 

 

1 ADI

198,462

  13  Rathi

101,458

    1  Adi

97,012

  14  Tadavi   

99,348

    2  Adi Gallong/ Gallong

61,887

  15  Varli

475,433

    3  Adi Miniyong/ Miniyong

17,274

  16  Vasava

417,665

        Others

22,289

  17  Wagdi

2,510,811

 

 

        Others

191,262

2 AFGHANI/KABULI/PASHTO

11,086

 

 

    1  Afghani/Kabuli/Pashto

11,086

9 BHOTIA

81,012

 

 

    1  Bhotia

68,800

3 ANAL

23,191

    2  Zanskari

11,443

    1  Anal

21,420

        Others

769

        Others

1,771

 

 

 

 

10 BHUMIJ

47,443

4 ANGAMI

132,225

    1  Bhumij

30,719

    1  Angami

49,685

        Others

16,724

        Others

82,540

 

 

 

 

11 BISHNUPURIYA

77,545

5 AO

261,387

  1  Bishnupriya                  Manipuri/                           

72,899

 

 

  Manipuri Bishnupriya

 

    1  Ao

257,404

        Others

4,646

        Others

3,983

 

 

 

 

12 CHAKHESANG

11,415

6 ARABIC/ ARBI 51,728     1  Chakhesang 11,415
    1  Arabic/Arbi 51,715    
        Others 13 13 CHAKRU/CHOKRI 83,560
        1  Chakru/Chokri 83,560
7 BALTI 20,053    
    1  Balti 20,051 14 CHANG 62,408
       Others  2     1  Chang 62,408
       
8 BHILI/BHILODI 9,582,957 15 COORGI/KODAGU 166,187
    1  Baori 27,242     1 Coorgi/Kodagu  166,187
    2  Barel 637,751    
    3  Bhilali 680,689 16 DEORI 27,960
    4  Bhili/Bhilodi 3,313,481     1  Deori 27,960
    5  Chodhari 209,363    
    6  Dhodia 169,290 17 DIMASA 111,961
    7  Gamti/ Gavit 283,697     1 Dimasa 110,671
    8  Garasia 51,183        Others  1,290
    9  Kokna/Kokni/Kukna 110,602    
  10  Mawchi 99,474 18 ENGLISH 226,449
  11  Paradhi 49,290     1 English 226,449
  12  Pawri 154,918    
       
19 GADABA 26,262 30 KARBI/MIKIR 419,534
    1 Gadaba 26,082      1 Karbi/Mikir 419,512
       Others 180         Others 22
       
20 GANGTE 14,500 31 KHANDESHI 2,075,258
    1  Gangte 14,394     1 Ahirani 1,865,813
        Others 106     2 Dangi 138,756
        3 Gujari 48,747
21 GARO 889,479     4 Khandeshi 17,413
    1 Garo 885,522        Others 4,529
       Others 3,957    
    32 KHARIA 239,608
22 GONDI 2,713,790     1 Kharia 237,479
    1 Dorli 37,731        Others 2,129
    2 Gondi 2,505,247    
    3 Kalari 26,797 33 KHASI 1,128,575
    4 Maria 88,984     1 Bhoi Khasi 14,882
    5 Muria 16,620     2 Khasi 828,545
       Others 38,411     3 Pnar/Synteng 243,441
        4 War 25,886
23 HALABI 593,443        Others 15,821
    1 Halabi 592,501    
       Others 942 34 KHEZHA 40,768
         1 Khezha 39,436
24 HALAM 38,275         Others 1,332
     1 Halam 14,316    
        Others 23,959 35 KHIEMNUNGAN 37,755
         1 Khiemnungan 37,755
25 HMAR 83,404    
    1 Hmar 83,404 36 KHOND/KONDH 118,597
         1 Khond/Kondh 115,330
26 HO 1,042,724         Others 3,267
    1 Ho 1,037,987    
       Others 4,737 37 KINNAURI 65,097
         1 Kinnauri 64,817
27 JATAPU 39,331         Others 280
    1 Jatapu 39,319 38 KISAN 141,088
       Others 12      1 Kisan 141,088
       
28 JUANG 23,708 39 KOCH 31,119
     1 Juang 23,708      1 Koch 28,578
            Others 2,541
29 KABUI 94,758    
     1 Kabui 29,175 40 KODA/KORA 43,030
     2 Rongmei 61,197      1 Koda/Kora 36,528
        Others 4,386         Others 6,502
       
41 KOLAMI 121,855 53 LAHNDA3 92,234
     1 Kolami 121,855     1 Multani 11,873
        2 Bahawalpuri  56,096
42 KOM 14,673     3 Punchhi 19,871
     1 Kom 14,673        Others 4,394
       
43 KONDA1  56,262 54 LAKHER 34,751
     1 Kodu 45,428     1 Lakher 34,751
        Others 10,834    
    55 LALUNG 27,072
44 KONYAK 248,109      1 Lalung 27,072
     1 Konyak 248,109    
    56 LEPCHA 50,629
45 KORKU 574,481      1 Lepcha 50,629
     1 Korku 541,880    
     2 Muwasi 29,288 57 LIANGMEI 34,232
        Others 3,313      1 Liangmei 34,077
            Others 155
46 KORWA2 34,586    
    1 Koraku 27,942 58 LIMBU 37,265
       Others 6,644      1 Limbu 28,127
            Others 9,138
47 KOYA 362,070    
    1 Koya 362,070 59 LOTHA 170,001
         1 Lotha 170,001
48 KUI 916,222    
     1 Kui 915,392 6O LUSHAI/MIZO 674,756
        Others 830      1 Lushai/Mizo 671,911
49 KUKI 52,873         Others 2,845
     1 Kuki 47,856    
        Others 5,017 61 MALTO4 224,926
         1 Pahariya 83,050
50 KURUKH/ORAON 1,751,489         Others 141,876
     1 Kurukh/Oraon 1,737,044    
        Others 14,445 62 MARAM 37,340
         1 Maram 37,340
51 LADAKHI 104,618    
     1 Ladakhi 104,502 63 MARING 22,326
        Others 116      1 Maring 22,326
       
52 LAHAULI 22,646 64 MIRI/MISHING 551,224
    1 Lahauli 20,138      1 Miri/Mishing 551,182
      Others 2,508         Others 42
       
65 MISHMI 33,955 75 PAWIv 24,965
     1 Mishmi 17,283      1 Pawi 24,965
        Others 16,672    
    76 PERSIAN 11,688
66 MOGH 30,639      1 Persian 11,688
    1 Mogh 30,559    
       Others 80 77 PHOM 122,508
         1 Phom 122,508
67 MONPA 55,876    
     1 Monpa 51,035 78 POCHURY 16,744
        Others 4,841      1 Pochury 16,728
            Others 16
68 MUNDA 469,357    
     1 Kol 12,720 79 RABHA 164,770
     2 Munda 426,820      1 Rabha 164,266
        Others 29,817         Others 504
       
69 MUNDARI 1,061,352 80 RAI 14,378
    1 Mundari 1,046,951      1 Rai 10,446
    2 Mura 14,204         Others 3,932
       Others 197    
    81 RENGMA 61,345
70 NICOBARESE 28,784      1 Rengma 61,345
     1 Nicobarese 28,784    
    82 SANGTAM 84,273
71 NISSI/DAFLA 211,485      1 Sangtam 84,171
     1 Apatani 28,422         Others 102
     2 Bangni 18,842    
     3 Nissi 118,111 83 SAVARA 252,519
     4 Tagin 38,244      1,Savara 252,487
        Others 7,866         Others 32
       
72 NOCTE 32,957 84 SEMA 103,529
     1 Nocte 27,749      1 Sema 103,529
        Others 5,208    
    85 SHERPA 18,342
73 PAITE  64,100      1 Sherpa 18,342
     1 Paite 64,065    
        Others 35 86 SHINA 34,390
         1 Shina 34,251
74 PARJI5 51,216         Others 139
     1 Dhurwa 45,310    
        Others 5,906 87 SIMTE 10,225
         1 Simte 10,225
       
1 2 1 2
       
88 TAMANG 17,494 94 TULU 1,722,768
     1 Tamang 17,494      1 Tulu 1,720,422
            Others 2,346
89 TANGKHUL 142,035    
      1 Tangkhul 142,023 95 VAIPHEI 39,673
         Others 12      1 Vaiphei 39,673
       
90 TANGSA 40,086 96 WANCHO 49,072
     1 Tangsa 12,604      1 Wancho 49,072
        Others 27,482    
    97 YIMCHUNGRE 92,144
91 THADO 190,595      1 Tikhir 16,828
     1 Thado 186,471      2 Yimchungre 72,030
        Others 4,124          Others 3,286
       
92 TIBETAN 85,278 98 ZELIANG 61,547
     1 Tibetan 77,305      1 Zeliang 61,547
         Others 7,973    
    99 ZEMI 34,110
93 TRIPURI 854,023      1 Zemi 34,102
     1 Kokbarak 761,964         Others 8
     2 Reang 76,450    
     3 Tripuri 15,002 100 ZOU 20,857
        Others 607       1 Zou 20,857


*   Excludes figures of Paomata, Mao-Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur for 2001. 
** The percentage of speakers of each language for 2001 has been worked out on the total population of India    
     excluding the population of Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of Senapati district of Manipur due to 
     cancellation of census results. N - Stands for negligible.