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Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes

Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes
   The share of the Scheduled Tribe population in urban areas is a meager 2.4%. Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Orissa, Gujrat, Rajsthan, Jharkhand, Chhatishgarh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Karnataka are the State having larger number of Scheduled Tribes These states account for 83.2% of the total Scheduled Tribe population of the country. Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Jammu & Kashmir, Tripura, Mizoram, Bihar, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, account for another 15.3% of the total Scheduled Tribe population. The share of the remaining states / Uts is negligible.

 As per the Census 2001, total population of the Scheduled Castes in the country (excluding the population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur) is 166,635,700 which constitute 16.2% of the total population. Uttar Pradesh (35,148,377) has the largest Scheduled Caste population, followed by West Bengal (18,452,555) and Bihar (13,048,608). These states, along with Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Punjab comprise the group of ‘top ten’ states in terms of large Scheduled Caste population in the country. In Nagaland, Lakshdweep, and A & N Islands, no Scheduled Caste is notified.

   Total population of Scheduled Tribes is 84,326,240 as per the Census 2001 which accounts for 8.2% of the total population of country. Majority of the Scheduled tribe population live in rural areas and their population is 10.4 % of the total rural population of the country.

                                             TABLE 5: PERECENTAGE OF SCHEDULED CASTE AND SCHEDULED TRIBE
                                             POPULATION IN DISTRICTS, VILLAGES, AND UAs / TOWNS – INDIA.

Proportion of SC/ST population (%) Scheduled caste Scheduled tribes
No. of Districts No. of villages No. of UAs/towns No. of Districts No. of villages No. of UAs/towns
Nil 13* 152,796 62 50** 323,487 1,090
Upto 4.9% 92 71,479 506 278 68,189 2,420
5.0%-9.9 68 61,275 1,055 56 23,742 387
10.0%-19.9% 271 110,590 1,876 69 28,662 264
20.0%-49.9% 148 153,481 856 65 44,240 160
50.0%-74.9% 1 28,672 20 35 26,788 15
75.0% or above 0 15,322 3 40 78,507 42
Total 593 593,615 4,378 593 593,615 4,378
* No SC list applicable in 11 districts.
** No ST list applicable.
Source : Primary Census Abstract, Census of India 2001.

   The share of the Scheduled Tribe population in urban areas is a meager 2.4%. Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Orissa, Gujrat, Rajsthan, Jharkhand, Chhatishgarh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Karnataka are the State having larger number of Scheduled Tribes These states account for 83.2% of the total Scheduled Tribe population of the country. Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Jammu & Kashmir, Tripura, Mizoram, Bihar, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, account for another 15.3% of the total Scheduled Tribe population. The share of the remaining states / Uts is negligible.

   Lakshdweep, Mizoram, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, are predominantly tribal States /Union territories where Scheduled Tribes population constitutes more than 60% of their total population. No Scheduled Tribes is notified in Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, Delhi, and Pondicherry.

   At the village level out of the total 5.94 lakh villages in the country 1.53 lakh or 1\4 of the villages, do not have any Scheduled Caste population. In 171,865 villages and 2,931 UAs / Towns, the proportion of the Scheduled Caste population is less than 20 % while in more than 20% while in 154,481 villages and 856 UAs/Towns it is more than 20% but less than 50%.

   On the other hand, there are 105,295 villages and 57 UAs/Towns which have more than 50% Scheduled tribes population in the country while 3.23 lakh or half of the villages do not have any Scheduled Tribes population. It is due the fact that, while the Scheduled Castes population is more widely spread over both in rural and urban areas, the scheduled tribe population prefers to live in groups in the rural surroundings.

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