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Area And Populatio

Area And Populatio

  The Census of India 2001 has been an historic and epoch making census, being the first census of the third millennium. It has produced wealth of data on the state of abundant human resources inhabiting the country, their demographic and economic structure, social and other characteristics.



  The total geo-graphical area of the country is 3,287,240 This includes 120,849 sq. km. of area under the illegal occupation of Pakistan and China. The largest state in India in terms of geographical area is Rajasthan with an area of 342,239

   The total population of India at the 00.00 hours of 1st March 2001 stood at 1,028,737,436 comprising 532,223,090 males and 496,514,346 females.

   At the International level, India accounts fro only 2.4 percent of the world surface are and yet it supports and sustains 16.9 percent of the world population. In 150 China with 22 percent of population led the world followed by India with 14.2 percent. It is estimated that by 2050, India will overtake China to become the most populous country on the earth with about 17.2 percent population living here.

   Uttar Pradesh with a population of more than 166 million holds distinction of being the most populous state in the country followed by Maharastra (97 million) and Bihar (83 million). The other large states, in terms of population size are West Bengal (80 million),Andhra Pradesh (76 million), Tamil Nadu (62 million), Madhya Pradesh (60 million), Rajsthan (57 million) and Gujrat (51 million). These states together account for 76 percent of the total population of the country.

   Among the union territories, Delhi (13.8 million) ranks first in terms of population whereas Lakshdweep with a population of 60,650 occupies the lowest rank. The population of the country.

   India lives in its villages. Due to diverse geographical terrain the size of the villages in small, in plain areas the villages tend to be bigger. Out of a total of 5.94 lakh inhabited villages in the country, the largest number of villages (1.45 lakh)are in the population size group of 500-999 persons, followed by the groups 100-1999 (1.30 lakh) and 200-499 (1.28 lakh). There are 3,961 villages, which have a population of 10,000 persons or more.


Persons@ 1,028,737,436
Males 532,223,090
Females 496,514,346
Rural 742,617,747
Urban 286,119,689
% Urban population 27.8%
Note :@ The total population and rural population include estimated population of 127,108 for Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur. India's population without the estimated population of these areas is 1,028,610,328 (532,156,772 males and 496,453,556 females)
Ranges No. of villages Population Ranges No.of UAs/Towns Population
Less than 100 45,276 2,274,375 Less than 5000 192 667,772
100-199 46,276 6,912,023 5,000-9,999 879 6,658,356
200-499 127,511 43,960,187 10,000-19,999 1,346 19,458,295
500-999 145,402 105,274,341 20,000-49,999 1,163 35,154,857
1,000-1,999 129,977 183,294,133 50,000-99,999 404 27,832,412
2,000-9,999 80,413 239,184,866 1,00,000-4,99,999 320 60,554,358
5,000-9,999 14,799 98,112,136 5,00,000-9,99,999 39 27,503,626
10,000 & above 3,961 63,478,578 10,00,000-& above 35 108,290,013
Total 593,615 742,490,639 Total 4,378 286,119,689
Source : Primary Census Abstract, India, Census of India 2001.

   As in case of the villages, the UAs / towns also very considerably in terms of population size. Largest numbers of UAs / towns are in the population size group 10,000 to 19,999 persons with 1,346 UAs / towns falling in this group. The total number of UAs / towns with more than one million populations is 35. Mumbai Urban Agglomeration with 1604 million populations is the largest UA in terms of Population, followed by Kolkata UA (13.2 million) and Delhi UA (12.9 million). List of the million plus UAs / Cities is given below: