The Census of India 2001 has been an
historic and epoch making census, being the first census of the third
millennium. It has produced wealth of data on the state of abundant human
resources inhabiting the country, their demographic and economic structure,
social and other characteristics.
|% Urban population
|Note :@ The total population and
rural population include estimated population of 127,108 for Mao Maram, Paomata
and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur. India's population
without the estimated population of these areas is 1,028,610,328 (532,156,772
males and 496,453,556 females)
The total geo-graphical area of the country is
3,287,240 sq.km. This includes 120,849 sq. km. of area under the illegal
occupation of Pakistan and China. The largest state in India in terms of
geographical area is Rajasthan with an area of 342,239 sq.km.
The total population of India at
the 00.00 hours of 1st March 2001 stood at 1,028,737,436 comprising 532,223,090
males and 496,514,346 females.
At the International level, India accounts fro only 2.4 percent of
the world surface are and yet it supports and sustains 16.9 percent of the
world population. In 150 China with 22 percent of population led the world
followed by India with 14.2 percent. It is estimated that by 2050, India will
overtake China to become the most populous country on the earth with about 17.2
percent population living here.
Uttar Pradesh with a population of more than 166 million holds
distinction of being the most populous state in the country followed by
Maharastra (97 million) and Bihar (83 million). The other large states, in
terms of population size are West Bengal (80 million),Andhra Pradesh (76
million), Tamil Nadu (62 million), Madhya Pradesh (60 million), Rajsthan (57
million) and Gujrat (51 million). These states together account for 76 percent
of the total population of the country.
Among the union territories, Delhi (13.8 million) ranks first in
terms of population whereas Lakshdweep with a population of 60,650 occupies the
lowest rank. The population of the country.
India lives in its villages. Due to diverse geographical terrain
the size of the villages in small, in plain areas the villages tend to be
bigger. Out of a total of 5.94 lakh inhabited villages in the country, the
largest number of villages (1.45 lakh)are in the population size group of
500-999 persons, followed by the groups 100-1999 (1.30 lakh) and 200-499 (1.28
lakh). There are 3,961 villages, which have a population of 10,000 persons or
TABLE 1: NUMBER OF VILLAGES AND
UAs / TOWNS BY SIZE CLASS AND THEIR POPULATION
|Less than 100
||Less than 5000
|10,000 & above
|Source : Primary Census Abstract, India, Census of India 2001.
As in case of the villages, the UAs
/ towns also very considerably in terms of population size. Largest numbers of
UAs / towns are in the population size group 10,000 to 19,999 persons with
1,346 UAs / towns falling in this group. The total number of UAs / towns with
more than one million populations is 35. Mumbai Urban Agglomeration with 1604
million populations is the largest UA in terms of Population, followed by
Kolkata UA (13.2 million) and Delhi UA (12.9 million). List of the million plus
UAs / Cities is given below: