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Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

A. What is Civil Registration System?

B. Under which ACT or Law the registration of birth and death are being made?

C. Whether registration of birth and death is compulsory?

D. What is the time period prescribed for registering the event?

E. Is there any fee for registration of births and deaths?

F. Whether registration can be made after the normal period of reporting?

G. Who are responsible for reporting the event?

H. Whom to approach for registration?

I. Whether a certificate is issued after registration?

J. How many copies of birth or death certificate can be obtained?

K. Whether a birth certificate can be obtained without the name of a child?

L. What are the benefits of registration of birth and death?

M. Whether a correction is allowed after registration?

N. Whether fee could be charged for correction/cancellation of entries in the records?

O. If birth occurred to Indian Citizen abroad (outside India), is there any provision to register such birth in India.?


A. What is Civil Registration System. ?
A Continuous, Permanent and Systematic recording of births and deaths obtained under the RBD Act, 1969 is called the Civil Registration System.

B. Under which ACT or Law the registration of births and deaths are being made?
The registration of births and deaths is done under the provisions of a Central Act, Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Act, 1969 and the corresponding Rules framed there under.
C. Whether registration of birth and death compulsory?
The registration of births, deaths and still births are compulsory under the provisions of Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Act, 1969, in all parts of the Country.

D. What is the time period prescribed for registering the event?
The normal period of 21 days (from the date of occurrence) has been prescribed for reporting the birth, death and still birth events.

E. Is there any fee for registration of births and deaths?
If event of a birth or death is reported for registration to the prescribed authority within the normal period of 21days, no fee would be charged.

F. Whether registration can be made after the normal period of reporting.?
If any event of birth or death is not reported for registration within the 21 days, the same can be reported any time under the Delayed Registration provisions prescribed under Section 13 of the Act with payment of fee prescribed.

G. Who are responsible for reporting the event?
The responsibilities for reporting the events have been prescribed separately for domiciliary events as well as Institutional events, the details of which are given below:
         (1) In respect of birth or death occurred in a house, it is the duty of the Head of the house/household or nearest relative of the head present in the house or in the absence of any such person, the oldest male person present therin during the said period is responsible to report the event to the concerned Registrar/ sub Registrar. These events can also be reported through the prescribed Notifiers such as Anaganwadi Workers, ANM’s, ASHA’s and others.
        (II) In respect of birth or death occurred in a hospital, health center, Maternity or nursing home or other such institutions, the medical officer In-charge or any person authorized by him in this behalf is responsible for reporting.

H. Whom to approach for registration. ?

Under the provision of Section 7 of the RBD Act, the Registrars of Births and Deaths are appointed for each local area comprising the area within the jurisdiction of the Municipality, Panchayat or other local authority. The Sub- Registrars are also appointed under section 7(5) of the Act and assigned them any or all powers of Registrars. The Registrars / Sub Registrars are deemed to be the public servant under section 21 of the Indian Penal Code. The Registrars / Sub Registrars are separately appointed for Rural and Urban areas.

     (I) Rural Areas- The following have been appointed as Registrar of Births and Deaths :
             (1) Panchayat Secretaries/Karmi/Gram Sevak in 15 States and 3 UTs. (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Daman & Diu, D & N Haveli and Puducherry.)
             (II) Medical Officer In-charge or equivalent in 7 States and 3 UTs– (Assam, Haryana, Meghalaya, Orissa, and Punjab, Sikkim, Manipur (Partly), A & N Island, Delhi and Lakshadweep)
             (III) Village Accountants / Village Administrative Officers in 2 States - Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
             (IV) SHO/Police Officials in Jammu & Kashmir and Chandigarh UT (Rural).
             (V) School Teachers in Mizoram and Nagaland. Circle Officer/Village Level Workers in Arunachal Pradesh.
     (II) Urban Areas: The Municipal Health Officer, Health officer or Equivalent Officers are appointed as Registrar of births and deaths.

I. Whether a certificate is issued after registration?
After registering the event, an extract / certificate of the respective birth or death event is issued to the informant. The first copy of the birth / death extract is issued free of charge under section12 of the RBD Act.

J. How many copies of birth or death certificate can be Obtained?
Any number of copies can be obtained under the provision of Section 17 of the Act by any one by paying the prescribed fee.

K. 11. Whether a birth certificate can be obtained without the name of a child?
Under the provision of Section 14 of the Act, a birth certificate can be obtained without the name of the child. In such cases, the name can be entered by the concerned registration authority without any charge within 12 months and by charging the prescribed fee up to 15 years (from the date of registration).

L. What are the benefits of registration of birth and death?

The birth certificate is the first right of the child and it is the first step towards establishing its identity. The following compulsory uses of birth and death certificates are emerged:

  •    For admission to schools

  •    As proof of age for employment.

  •    For proof of age at marriage.

  •   To establish parentage.

  •   To establish age for purpose of enrollment in Electoral Rolls

  •   To establish age for insurance purposes.

  •   For registering in National Population Register (NPR).

  •    Compulsory production of death certificate for the purpose of inheritance of property and for claiming dues from insurance companies and other companies.


M.Whether a correction is allowed after registration? /strong>

Corrections or Cancellations are allowed under the provision of Section 15 of the Act and the corresponding Rules made there under. However, corrections are allowed only if it is proved to the satisfaction of the Registrar that any entry of a birth or death in any register kept by him under this Act is erroneous in form or substance, or has been fraudulently or improperly made.

 


N. Whether fee could be charged for correction/cancellation of entries in the records?

No fee is charged for correction/cancellation of entries in the birth or deat records.

 


O. If birth occurred to Indian Citizen abroad (outside India), is there any provision to register such birth in India. ?

In case, any child born outside India, his/her birth would be registered under the Citizenship Act 1955 and Citizens (Registration at Indian consulates) Rules, 1956 at the Indian Missions. However, under Section 20 of the RBD Act, if the parents of the child return to India with a view to settling therein, the said birth can be registered with in sixty days from the date of arrival of the child in India at the place of settling. If this birth cannot be registered within 60 days, the same can be registered under the delayed registration provisions.